News and Announcements
New insight into river flows and sediment transport under ice cover
2019-02-21
February 20, 2019, University of Eastern Finland  

New insight into river flows and sediment transport under ice cover

Researchers worked in cold and snowy conditions to simulate the ice‐covered flow of the Pulmanki River in Finland. Credit: Eliisa Lotsari

 

 

The ice‐covered season plays an important role in the development of river channels, a new study from the University of Eastern Finland shows. The spatial variability of sediment transport and differences in depositional and erosional locations increase in ice‐covered conditions. The greatest erosional forces are located in the shallow sections of the river in both open‐channel and ice‐covered conditions. However, ice cover narrowed the flow area. The findings were published in Earth Surface Processes and Landforms.

"In subarctic regions, the ice-covered  season lasts up to eight months of the year, and this is something that should be taken into consideration when analysing sediment transport in rivers. Yet, this has very rarely been the case," says Dr. Eliisa Lotsari from the University of Eastern Finland.

Researchers at the University of Eastern Finland and the University of Turku simulated the ice‐covered flow in a meandering subarctic river, the Pulmanki River, in northern Finland. Using hydrodynamic 2-D modelling, the researchers explored spatial variation in flow characteristics and the erosion and sedimentation potential of the ice‐covered flow compared to open‐channel . Up until now, ice-covered flow and sediment transport conditions have mainly been studied in laboratory conditions. Moreover, previous studies have mainly focused on major floods or open-channel conditions.

"Future changes in seasonal temperatures and in rivers' ice conditions may have a significant impact on river morphology in colder climates, as there may be changes to river flows,  and river origins. These may also have long-term ecological consequences for rivers' vegetation and animal populations," Lotsari says.

The study found that  influenced the occurrence of recirculating flow structures. It also increased the density of small recirculating flow structures. Low flow velocity in these "whirlpools" also enable deposition. However, the critical thresholds for particle entrainment are exceeded more often in open-channel conditions than in ice-covered ones.

 Explore further: Generating energy from sandy rivers—an untapped renewable resource ready for prime time?

More information: Eliisa Lotsari et al. Spatial variation of flow characteristics in a subarctic meandering river in ice-covered and open-channel conditions: A 2D hydrodynamic modelling approach, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms (2019). DOI: 10.1002/esp.4589 

(Source: https://phys.org/ )
Copyright: World Association for Sedimentation and Erosion Research (WASER). All Rights Reserved.
The Secretary of WASER, International Research and Training Center on Erosion and Sedimentation (IRTCES)
Address: IRTCES, P.O. Box 366, No.20 Chegongzhuang Road West, Beijing, 100048, China; Website: http://www.waser.cn/
Tel: (8610) 68786410 68786408; Fax: (8610) 68411174; E-mail: chliu@iwhr.com shihl@iwhr.com
Produced By CMS 网站群内容管理系统 publishdate:2019/02/21 14:27:34